Sodium Chloride also known as common salt, table salt, or halite, is a chemical compound (ionic compound of sodium and chlorine) that is most responsible for the salinity.
In 1gm sodium chloride has approximately 0.3933gm of sodium, 0.6067 gm of chlorine. Sodium Chloride has a property of lowering the melting point of ice.
It is the main ingredient in edible Table salt, where anti-caking additive has also been added to Sodium Chloride. Sodium Chloride is used as a condiment and food preservative, also used to retards the growth of pathogenic bacteria.